Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar which Muslims around the world observe this as a month of fasting. The yearly observance is considered as one of the Five Pillars of Islam. The duration of the occasion depends on the sightings of the crescent moon that is why the date each year is different from the previous year. This 2013, Ramadan started last July 10 and will end on August 8.
The word Ramadan comes from the Arabic root words ramiḍa or ar-ramaḍ, which means blistering heat or dryness. Fasting is obligatory for all adult Muslims, with the exception of those who are ill, pregnant, diabetic, have menstrual cycle and those who have unavoidable reason to travel.
During Ramadan, food and drink is served daily, before sunrise and after sunset. In between, Muslims observe fasting wherein they refrain from consuming food, drinking liquids, smoking, and engaging in sexual relations. According to the teachings of Islam, the rewards of fasting are many, but during Ramadan, they are believed to increase. Frequent recitation of the Quran and increased offering of prayers are given importance as well.
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